Tuesday, October 20, 2020
Food and health


Every year there are always new slimming diets such as the Paleo diet or the Charcoal Detox. But be careful, not all of them are effective or healthy. Let's have a look at the best and worst diets for 2020

Holidays are over (or almost: Epiphany is just around the corner). Let’s start with the diets. As every year, therefore, we would like to help you in choosing the best one for weight loss in 2020. Because nutrition is a serious matter, and health is more important than the mirror and the scale. Since, then, braggart, charlatans, and sellers of easy solutions are around the corner, here is a guide that can help you understand how not to get lost in the world of diets.

Diets to avoid in 2020


The Paleo diet

Here is another scientist whose diet has no scientific basis. The theory would be: as human beings (or rather, the genus Homo), we belong to the genus of hunter-gatherers, for which we feed on meat, fish, vegetables, fruit, seeds, and tubers. So no legumes, cereals, milk, which entered the diet 10,000 years ago. In short, according to the founder of the Paleo diet Boyd Eaton, agriculture, and the last millennia have absolutely not influenced us; indeed, they did it negatively.

For Eaton and his followers, the current diet has resulted in: a reduction in average stature, problems with the skeleton and teeth, an almost endemic spread of diseases such as diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. And here we thought we were taller and lived longer than our ancestors, even those who lived 100 years ago!

Now, beyond the theory, there is the diet itself, which is not even the one that has been described lately, that is, a “fat diet,” in which the legumes must replace bacon.

The Paleo diet, in fact, imposes as a central point the presence of vegetables on the plate, accompanied by meat or fish.

However, the Paleo diet should be avoided, and in general, the axiom applies: BEWARE OF DIETS THAT REQUIRE YOU TO AVOID A PARTICULAR FOOD.

The Paleo diet does it with many nutrients, from sugar to cereals, from legumes to milk. Let’s dispel a myth that doesn’t only apply to the Paleo diet: man is not the only animal that consumes milk as an adult. Dogs and cats do it; just have one at home to verify it. And then, we deny another theoretical assumption of the diet (which among other things, in some products sold as paleo to adepts, has freeze-dried milk): the fact that a large part of the western population, from 50 to 95% in Europe and North America, preserves the activity of lactase, an enzyme that allows the digestion of milk, demonstrates the evolutionary abilities of man and his adaptation.

Monotrophic Diet or Mono Diet

The name itself says a lot; the Mono diet requires the consumption of only one type of food per day. For example, we go from the day in which we consume only meat to that of fruit only, then only potatoes and so on. In short, a disaster. Similar diets come out cyclically from the 70s onwards, and every time nutritionists reject them. They have no scientific basis, and if they work, it is only because you get tired of eating the same things. However, these types of diets create deficiencies in essential nutrients, especially vitamins and proteins.


Charcoal Detox

The magic word, “detoxifying” diet. This time, however, it is coal-based. According to the scientists, those who are intoxicated need hospitalization, yet some believe that we can detoxify with a diet. Those who invented it thought that, precisely for the use of these coals by the emergency room, their administration to those who are feeling good would be a cure-all. Unfortunately, the doctors’ expedient is useful for those who have an intoxication, while there is no evidence that it can work for those who want to lose weight. At best, concomitant fasting works. Absolutely to avoid, like, and more than the others.

Diet: the fundamental principles to follow for real

If you are here, it is because it is not clear. Which thing? This, or better these:

  1. Diet goes hand in hand with exercise 
  2. Exercise and 5 meals a day lead to one goal: increasing metabolism
  3. The metabolism varies from person to person
  4. Consequently, it is clear that each of us needs a personalized diet, prepared by professionals

So, you think, all this article is made to tell me: there are no easy choices, there is no magic wand if I want to lose weight I have to sweat in the gym and be followed by a dietician. Yes exactly. And if you are here reading this article, it means that there is a need for similar articles, capable of remembering that weight loss is a serious matter, for which you need commitment, will-power, and skills.

Given this, one last tip, of what you would expect to get. Here are the diets that really work (so you can understand if the dietician is valid or, if you continue to want to do it by yourself, you should choose these types of nutrition among the first ones).

The Mediterranean diet and the DASH

It is our diet, and it is excellent not only because extra virgin olive oil is better than butter (unsaturated fats versus saturated fats). It is better because it uses a lot of vegetables, legumes, and cereals. Also, limit red meat.

DASH, on the other hand, was developed by Harvard University and is particularly suitable for western countries not used to the Mediterranean diet.

It is a perfect diet for those with hypertension problems and limits the use of salt, fat, and non-seasonal vegetables. It is mandatory to drink a lot while sugary drinks must be avoided (which is valid for any diet you follow).

But don’t forget that the nutritionist and the dietician are always the first useful weapon for another reason: the dietician will follow you step-by-step. As a consequence, you will certainly be more consistent in following their indications and in shopping according to the prescribed diet.


The healthy diet is also sustainable

A recent study by the Pnas has shown that the healthiest diets are also those that safeguard the planet. Consuming more vegetables and less meat, especially red ones, will not only be good for your health but also limit the damage to the environment, since the costs of producing a kilo of meat are much higher than those for growing the equivalent, for example, in legumes. On the other hand, Debra Roberts also reiterated that in a report made by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and filed with the UN she said: «Balanced diets featuring plant-based foods, such as coarse grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables, and animal-sourced food produced sustainably in low greenhouse gas emission systems, present major opportunities for adaptation to and limiting climate change.»



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Pierluigi Capriotti
My name is Pierluigi Capriotti to be exact. Despite a degree in Architecture I'm a journalist. I write following temporary monomania and others that are chronic such reading, soccer, travels and food. When I write I use many asides – because I have the impression there is always something more to say. Because in those asides I talk about my passions. So that everybody will notice them but with nonchalance. I've never had a high regard for wisdom. And, thanks God, this helped me to leave for the foodiestrip journey with a spiritual-creative mathematician, an IT engineer who plays the Star Wars soundtrack with the coffee stirrers and a businessnerd. One way ticket. No return.